Thyroid cancer is a rare condition. It is should be treated by individuals that work in a multidisciplinary team and therefore manage the condition more frequently.
A number of types of thyroid cancer exist:
Papillary and follicular cancers are the most common cancers and thankfully usually have a better prognosis. Treatment has to be planned depending on the staging of the disease and may involve any of the following
Surgical treatment – Hemithyroidectomy,Total thyroidectomy, Neck Dissection
Oncological treatment -Radioactive Iodine, External beam radiotherapy
Medical treatment – Thyroxine
The majority of localised well differentiated cancers are treated with surgery in the form of thyroidectomy followed by radio iodine treatment and then thyroxine treatment. However, treatment has to be tailored to the individual.