Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is a rare condition. It is should be treated by individuals that work in a multidisciplinary team and therefore manage the condition more frequently.

A number of types of thyroid cancer exist:

Papillary Cancer

Follicular Cancer

Medullary Cancer

Anaplastic cancer

Lymphoma

Papillary and follicular cancers are the most common cancers and thankfully usually have a better prognosis. Treatment has to be planned depending on the staging of the disease and may involve any of the following

Surgical treatment – Hemithyroidectomy,Total thyroidectomy, Neck Dissection

Oncological treatment -Radioactive Iodine, External beam radiotherapy

Medical treatment – Thyroxine

The majority of localised well differentiated cancers are treated with surgery in the form of thyroidectomy followed by radio iodine treatment and then thyroxine treatment. However, treatment has to be tailored to the individual.

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